A few days ago, the reporter learned from a number of OEMs and some industry experts, half a month ago, they have received a "energy-saving and new energy automotive industry development plan" (the "planning") for solicitation, The Ministry of Industry and the Ministry of Information Industry to develop the "plan" will be in the summary of the views of the parties, the discussion and revision by the competent authorities, has been formally reported to the State Council program. If passed, the "planning" is to enter the implementation phase, if no accident, this year should be introduced.
The reporter in the hands of the total of 15 pages of "planning" is the 2010 to 2020 years of new energy automotive industry development ten years programmatic document, and China's 16 national science and technology major special mode is different, this special will likely from R & D and industrialization of the two levels to consider. Covering all aspects of the development of new energy automotive industry, including the guiding ideology and basic principles of the development of new energy automotive industry, development goals, the main tasks, industry layout, security measures and other aspects, the content extends to the whole industry chain, the key components of research and development, Marketing and supporting facilities such as overall planning.
Ministry of Industry and equipment industry Secretary Zhang said earlier wood, will be developed through the planning, a clear energy-saving and new energy vehicles development ideas, development goals, the main task, industrial layout and policy measures to promote the healthy and orderly development of industry.
Implementation in two phases
In 2009, China's new energy vehicles sold less than 10,000, only 9800, and most of the public transport system car-based.
The overall goal of the Plan is to establish a relatively complete system of energy-saving and new-energy automobile industry after ten years of efforts, and to form a batch of independent technologies and standards. The vehicle and key parts and components technology has reached the international advanced level. In the new energy vehicle market ownership, the "planning" refers to the overall goal by 2020: new energy vehicles to reach 5 million, while the hybrid car as the representative of the energy-saving car production and sales of 3 million , China's energy-saving and new energy automotive industry scale in the world.
"Plan" to achieve the goal will be implemented in two phases, the first phase to 2015, power batteries, motors, electronic control and other key components of the core technology to achieve autonomy, pure electric vehicles and plug-in hybrid vehicle initial realization Industrialization, market ownership of more than 500,000.
Hybrid vehicles to achieve large-scale industrialization. With the automatic start-stop function of the micro-mixed system has become the standard configuration of passenger cars, moderate / severe hybrid passenger car ownership to 1 million. Basic grasp of advanced internal combustion engine, automatic transmission, automotive electronics, lightweight materials and other key technologies. Passenger car average fuel consumption reached 5.9 liters / 100 km.
The second stage is from 2015 to 2020, China's energy-saving and new energy vehicles, key parts and components technology reached the international advanced level, pure electric vehicles and plug-in hybrid vehicles to achieve industrialization, market ownership of 5 million, charging stations Network support pure electric vehicles to achieve inter-city and regional operation. Fuel cell technology and international synchronous development. Hybrid vehicles to achieve large-scale popularization, the hybrid car in the / annual sales volume reached 3 million. With independent intellectual property rights of the advanced internal combustion engine, automatic transmission, automotive electronics lightweight materials widely used. The overall fuel economy of the automobile is in line with the international advanced level, and the average fuel consumption of passenger cars reaches 4.5 liters / 100 km.
The establishment of shared R & D platform
"In recent years, we are in the development of new energy vehicles are scattered, the various enterprises to fight each other, the lack of overall planning, policy promulgation is also a lack of systematic.The introduction of this decade is very necessary and very timely, from the national level Orderly development of new energy vehicles. "Wang Binggang said.
According to the principles of "integration, sharing, improvement and improvement", the Plan establishes a policy and law system for the sharing of science and technology resources in the automotive industry, drawing on the successful experience of foreign countries. It adopts a flexible and diverse sharing model for different types of common technology platforms.
Relying on national research institutes and research universities, the construction of a number of national energy-saving and new energy vehicles and spare parts research and experimental base to strengthen the new energy vehicles National Engineering Laboratory construction, and continuously improve its operation and management level. Build industry-wide testbench and product development database.
Focus on supporting the backbone of the joint development of small enterprises pure electric passenger cars, compact electric passenger cars, plug-in hybrid passenger car sharing platform, hybrid commercial vehicle power system common platform and advanced automotive energy-saving technology research and development and Product platform. The establishment of advanced vehicle design and development process, breaking the vehicle design, system integration, powertrain, electromagnetic compatibility and high-pressure safety and other key technology research.
At the same time, the "Plan" also proposed, will gradually change the current development of new energy vehicles encountered some problems, one by one key breakthrough in battery technology bottlenecks, the establishment of independent research and development system components, and will improve and improve energy and new energy Automobile standard system, and accelerate the construction of charging stations, innovation and development of new energy vehicle service system to promote the "Plan" in the plan to achieve the 2020 goal.
Pure electric as the main strategic orientation
To promote energy-saving emission reduction, in early June this year, four ministries jointly issued a new energy vehicle subsidies. According to the subsidy policy, the most popular electric vehicles, each vehicle can receive up to 6 million in subsidies.
This is pure electric vehicle cost technical reasons, but also reflects the country's strong support for pure electric vehicles and a high degree of attention.
In the energy-saving and development of new energy vehicles, technical routes, the industry sources, after a long demonstration, the route has been clear, "planning" will insist on pure electric as the main strategic direction of China's auto industry restructuring. Focusing on the development of pure electric vehicles, plug-in hybrid vehicles, while focusing on upgrading the level of traditional automotive technology, and vigorously develop energy-saving cars. And continue to follow the research of fuel cell vehicle technology, local conditions, the appropriate development of alternative fuel vehicles.
National 863 energy-saving and new energy vehicles major project supervision expert group leader Wang Binggang said in an interview, choose pure electric vehicles as China's energy-saving and new energy vehicles industry path, China has certain advantages. Even in 2030, China has 200 million electric vehicles, according to the power sector planning, power consumption is also less than 10% of generating capacity. At the same time the development of electric vehicles in China can also be combined with the development of renewable energy, and smart grid technology combined to fill the power consumption peak. Secondly, China has a relatively rich resources. China's lithium battery lithium resources needed reserves of 380 million tons, ranking second in the world.
With the introduction of new car subsidies for new energy vehicles, Sinopec, CNOOC, China Southern Power Grid and the four national energy giants have accelerated the pace of construction of electric vehicles supporting facilities.
In order to promote the industrialization of pure electric vehicles, "Planning" in the safeguard measures mentioned: to speed up the construction of charging stations, and increase the financial support for the construction of charging facilities, electricity prices, land and other support policies.