The European Commission recently issued a statement saying that three European automotive battery recycling industry leader in violation of the monopoly law, due to unswervingly lower the buy price and raise the selling price of profits, and "eat" a deposit of 6.8 million euros.
Another data from the European Union shows that 99% of the EU car batteries will be recycled, the annual recovery of about 5.8 million car batteries.
Let us pull the line back to the country. The State Council issued the "Energy Conservation and New Energy Automotive Industry Development Plan (2012-2020)" pointed out that by 2020, pure electric vehicles and plug-in hybrid cars accumulated production and sales of more than 5 million. China Automotive Technology Research Center predicted that by 2020, China's pure electric (including plug-in) passenger cars and hybrid passenger power batteries, the cumulative scrap will reach 12-17 million tons.
The face of increasingly pressing electric vehicle power battery decommissioning tide, how to dispose of the scale of the decommissioning power battery, will affect the development of new energy vehicles a major issue. Power battery recycling and processing of the status quo? What are the existing regulations in the country? In this connection, the reporter interviewed the relevant enterprises and experts.
Decommissioned tide approaching waste power battery where to put
Eat dry pressing to enhance the use of life cycle value
China's automotive power batteries are mostly lithium-ion batteries, although not mercury, cadmium, lead and other toxic heavy metal elements, but the waste lithium-ion battery if handled properly still cause great pollution to the environment. For example, the waste material of waste lithium ion battery into the environment, with other substances can be chemical reactions, resulting in heavy metal pollution, alkali pollution and dust pollution; electrolyte into the environment, through chemical reactions, may cause fluoride pollution and arsenic pollution.
Relevant research shows that the recovery of lithium-ion batteries can save 51.3% of natural resources, including reducing the consumption of 45.3% of the ore and 57.2% of fossil energy consumption. In addition, lithium-ion batteries in the nickel, cobalt, manganese and other valuable materials, through the recycling can be reused.
"Power battery recycling, but also improve the battery life cycle of the use of new energy vehicles out of the power battery, still maintain 70% -80% of the initial energy, if the direct dismantling recovery, is the waste of the remaining battery. Zhang Chengbin, director of the China Electric Vehicle Research Group, said that after the power battery scrapped in addition to chemical activity decreased, the battery internal chemical composition has not changed, the energy of these batteries can continue to meet the family energy storage, distributed power generation, mobile power use.
It is noteworthy that, on December 1, 2016, the Ministry of Industry issued the "new energy vehicle power battery recycling management Interim Measures (draft)", the power battery life cycle management and requirements to make detailed provisions, the automobile manufacturers bear In January 2017, the General Office of the State Council issued the "Producer Responsibility Extension System Implementation Plan" to promote green manufacturing and protect the ecological environment, and put forward specific requirements for automobile production and power battery recycling.
"If the use of waste power battery technology to improve the use of lower economic costs in the use of echelon, power battery life cycle value will be fully utilized." Zhang Chengbin, for example, 2012, Wanxiang Electric Vehicle Co., Ltd. commitment to science and technology 863 project period, the development of a set of green recycling and recycling technology, a waste power battery recycling pilot line, can achieve 20 tons / year of lithium-ion battery harmless recycling.