Lithium-ion batteries are toxic dangerous goods?
Answer: lithium batteries do not contain highly toxic substances, far less than the lead-acid battery
"Lithium ion batteries and lithium-ion batteries Stern says there is still a difference between the concept of. "Chinese car batteries category of skills Research Center Chief, battery test and skills of League Secretary General, engineer Wang Fang said, lithium battery usually consists of a lithium metal or lithium alloy anode, using a nonaqueous liquid batteries. Lithium-ion battery rechargeable battery negative do not use lithium metal, rely on lithium-ion anode moving between jobs. However, in normal days, everyone used to referred to as lithium ion batteries lithium batteries or lithium batteries.
It is understood that the new energy cars in China (including pure electric cars and plug-in hybrids) are mostly used for lithium-ion batteries, lithium iron phosphate 80%-90%, ternary lithium batteries on passenger cars are beginning large-scale use.
About lithium battery is pointed out in the article, "toxic dangerous goods" argument, Wang Fang dismissed said that compared to the lithium-ion battery lead-acid, Nickel-chromium, nickel-metal hydride battery, which does not attack any lead, mercury, cadmium and other harmful heavy metals and toxic substances, relatively less polluting. And its electrolyte to organic solvents and lithium, are mostly nontoxic or low-toxicity; but the hydrolysis product of differentiation or lithium battery for hydrofluoric acid and other fluorine compounds, is corrosive and toxic.
"Toxic lithium batteries say" 18th senior engineer Liu Haojie, a researcher at the Institute of China electronic technology group shows that the lithium-ion battery itself does not contain toxic substances, metal oxide anode and cathode of carbon is not toxic. Because lithium-ion batteries are sealed systems, normal operation will not be exposed to these substances. "In any case, the effect is much smaller than today's most widely used lead-acid batteries. ”