At present, China's auto companies have been competing to set off a new energy car repairer boom, however, China's new energy vehicles in reality there is a lack of infrastructure facilities, the consumer market is not mature, the key technology research difficulties and other obstacles. The future of China's new energy vehicles will have a huge market prospects, experts suggest that China's development of new energy vehicles should learn from the US stimulus policy and Japan's R & D model.
From their own fight to find together
As the energy crisis, environmental protection needs and the state to encourage policy support and other factors, in the current Chinese car manufacturers, whether local brands, or joint ventures, are competing to join the production of new energy vehicles or plans.
Reporters learned that, with a few years ago the development of new energy vehicles to enterprises alone, the main difference is that there have been joint efforts to develop new energy vehicles, the momentum. Guangzhou Municipal Government and Nissan Motor Co., Ltd., Dongfeng Motor Co., Ltd. signed the "joint development of electric vehicles to promote the memorandum of understanding." Nissan Motor has reached the forefront of the development of electric vehicles, Guangzhou City, will be the development of new energy vehicles as an opportunity to guide the development trend of the future car to further enhance the government and business cooperation and level of Guangzhou to promote the development of new energy vehicles.
Guangzhou Municipal Committee, Deputy Mayor Wu Yimin said that with the rapid development of the automobile industry and the rapid growth of car ownership, resources and the environment is facing increasing pressure to develop new energy vehicles will be the inevitable choice, but also Guangzhou Automobile manufacturing industry to achieve industrial upgrading and sustainable development of an important way. In order to accelerate the development of Guangzhou has set up a new energy automotive industry development leading group, and to start a new energy automotive industry development program. Guangzhou eagerly look forward to the successful launch of zero-emission economy for the development of local economy and building a green home to make a positive contribution.
Whether international capital, or domestic enterprises, are very optimistic about the new energy automotive industry in China this giant cake. Industry experts predict that by 2020, China 10% -20% of passenger car sales will come from pure electric vehicles, rechargeable hybrid and other new energy vehicles.
Ministry of Science and Technology has also proposed the choice of a number of cities for energy-saving and new energy vehicles large-scale demonstration of the idea of running for three consecutive years in more than 10 domestic large and medium cities to carry out thousands of grade hybrid vehicles, electric vehicles and fuel cell vehicles , As well as large-scale demonstration of energy supply infrastructure, and strive to make the operation of the new energy vehicles to the size of the car market in 2012 accounted for 10%. The core of this idea is to expand the demonstration scale to promote the industrialization of new energy vehicles.
Learn from foreign advanced development model
Although there is a broad market prospects, but China's new energy vehicles in reality there are charging stations and other basic facilities, lack of consumer market immaturity, key technology research difficulties and other obstacles. Relevant data show that the current utilization of new energy vehicles in China is only 1%. Changes in China's new energy vehicles "applauded" situation, experts suggest that the United States should learn from the stimulus policy and Japan's R & D model.
First, cultivate the domestic consumer market
"Although the new energy vehicles energy saving and environmental protection, but at the same level models, the price at least five or six million yuan.More money to buy a car or more money to buy oil, Chinese consumers tend to choose the latter.
To early into the new energy vehicle market in China hybrid car - Toyota Prius, for example, in 2006, the car sales in China in 2100, 2008, in order to enhance sales, Toyota cut prices 24,000 yuan, but only sold 899 Vehicle. Relative to the global cumulative sales of 1.2 million brilliant record, the Prius in the Chinese market performance is deserted.
Beijing Jia Xinguang industrial consultants believe that the promotion of new energy vehicles need to cultivate domestic consumer market, and the government in the meantime the indispensable role of the key, the key is to increase the intensity of industrial subsidies, subsidies will directly benefit consumers, to effectively stimulate consumption . US stimulus in this regard is worth learning.
According to reports, the United States is the use of government and business dual-force approach. Obama's fuel restrictions and new energy policy for the US auto industry a clear direction, companies are speeding up their own research and development. The United States through the development of further stringent automotive fuel emission standards and new energy vehicles policy, as well as through government procurement of energy-saving cars, consumers to buy energy-saving cars tax cuts, the establishment of new energy vehicles, government-funded projects, investment promotion of new energy vehicles infrastructure , The US government to further promote the automotive products in the "miniaturization" and "low energy consumption" direction. The federal government will buy from the United States three major automakers manufacturing 17600 including new energy vehicles, including energy-saving cars.
Obama made it clear that by 2015 the United States to have one million charging hybrids on the road. In order to encourage consumption, purchase of hybrid mobile owners, you can enjoy the $ 7,500 tax deduction. While the government has invested 400 million US dollars to support charging stations and other infrastructure. These new energy policy, a more clear R & D energy-saving emission reduction of new products, the direction and objectives.
Second, build a joint research institute
New energy vehicles to overcome many of the key technical problems, thus strengthening the joint research and development, improve R & D efficiency is also an important part of the development of new energy vehicles.
"China Automotive News" editor Zhong Shi pointed out: "Now the domestic enterprises to develop new energy vehicles enthusiasm, which is very positive, we can not 'chaos' grounds, the majority of enterprises refused to new energy vehicles, Government departments should organize the national auto industry and interested in the development of new energy vehicles to jointly study the development plan, in particular, to encourage more enterprises, to promote the development of new energy vehicles, Institutions, research institutes, and even individuals to participate in the development of new energy vehicles, new energy vehicles in order to be able to appear in a good situation.
Zhong Shi also raised a need to be vigilant phenomenon, the current domestic enterprises to develop new energy vehicles enthusiasm is high, but many companies separately R & D, low efficiency, high cost, and some enterprises in order to get the national subsidy policy and launched a new Energy cars, intended to misappropriating and not in the repairer. "Therefore, China's key technologies in the new energy vehicle research, should learn from Japan's R & D model of production and research alliance, this model is conducive to resource integration, but also conducive to monitoring the flow of corporate subsidy funds."
According to reports, the Japanese battery to overcome the key technology, has established the development of high-performance electric vehicle power battery the largest new energy automotive industry alliance, the implementation of the 2009 "innovative battery-based scientific research special project" new projects. The alliance includes Toyota, Nissan and other auto companies, Sanyo Electric and other motor, battery manufacturing enterprises and Kyoto University and other famous universities and research institutions, a total of 22 member units. The Union of each unit of more than 50 professionals engaged in cooperative research, development of enterprises need common basic technology. The Japanese government plans to invest 21 billion yen in this project within seven years, by developing high-performance electric vehicle power battery, by 2020, the Japanese electric car a charge of more than three times the driving range.
Third, the development of a clear road map
Guo Yan, deputy director of the China Automotive Strategy Development Research Center of Tianjin University, pointed out that China's new energy vehicle route map has been swinging is also an important reason for its slow development. According to reports, the international consensus on the strategic direction of the development of new energy vehicles is: starting point is the traditional gasoline and diesel vehicles, the end is the hydrogen fuel cell vehicles, during which there are about 20 years of transition, it will be the new energy vehicles for the War of the melee season. With the United States focus on the development of hydrogen-powered vehicles, Japan vigorously develop steam-electric hybrid vehicles, diesel vehicles in Europe than the main road map of China's new energy has been unclear.
Ouyang Minggao, director of the State Key Laboratory of Automobile Safety and Energy Conservation, who was involved in the development of new energy vehicles strategy in China, said: "China's auto industry is a late-hairstyle: on the one hand, the traditional engine technology is behind the multinationals; on the other hand, new energy technology research and development Therefore, China 's automotive research and development of new energy technology must be different from other countries, it can not orderly development, but to go hand in hand.
Fourth, the diversified development of energy-saving vehicles
Industry experts also pointed out that the application of a wide range of perspective to develop new energy sources. Because in energy, the ultimate goal of mankind is the use of renewable energy to achieve sustainable development. Renewable energy, including solar, wind, hydro, biomass, geothermal, tidal energy, etc., the near future goal is to reduce dependence on fossil fuels, to achieve energy diversification.
Jia Xinguang analysis, at present, both inside and outside the eyes are concentrated in the electric vehicles, hybrid vehicles. From the market, the need to address the supporting energy supply network (charging station), the performance to meet consumer needs, the price should be competitive. If through a large number of construction of coal-fired, fuel power stations to provide electricity, resulting in new pollution, then do not engage in new energy vehicles worth mentioning, and if through solar, wind, nuclear power to increase the supply, and now these power generation is "new energy" , Experienced a painful suffering of high-cost, technically there is no complete breakthrough. Even if the electric vehicle technology is perfect, then the new generation of energy technology will not immediately mature.
Jia Xinguang said that the public has developed a 100 km fuel consumption of a liter concept car, although many people on this car skeptical, but through the car, we can see a wide range of fuel-saving technology: low resistance , Efficient internal combustion engine, reduce weight, body materials and so on, so, in the traditional internal combustion engine energy-saving emission reduction is also a great article to do. China is eager to develop electric vehicles in order to "leapfrog development" and "beyond", thus giving up the improvement of traditional internal combustion engine efforts, resulting in a new passive: the new energy vehicle market has not really formed, and efficient internal combustion engine development Great potential, we do not account for both sides.
"The car will not only run on a road, not just the highway, there are one, two, simple roads, as well as rural roads. Similarly, the development of new energy vehicles is not only one way, in particular, to take the road of reality "Said Jia Xinguang.