"I do not know where these batteries, hawkers to receive, who is the price to whom." Recently, in Shandong Province, Weifang City People's Street, a low-speed electric car dealer, the owner told reporters. In the face of a large number of abandoned power battery whereabouts, not just ordinary people, even the industry is also not a reason why the old rivers and lakes.
Each year over 30 million tons of battery dumping power battery dumping problems to be broken
Weifang City is China's largest low-speed electric vehicles gathered, which makes Shandong Province has become the country's largest low-speed electric vehicle production province, this store is only Weifang City People's Street size, brand of many low-speed electric vehicle distribution One of the shops, the shop sold vehicles are using lead-acid batteries. In the past, the experience of dealing with used batteries, the boss said that consumers can either go to the store can also go to the roadside repair shop trade-in, or sold directly to hawkers, but as the battery, do not know.
"An old battery about 100 yuan discount. Manufacturers regardless, there will be received waste to close." The source said. And in the distance from the livelihood of the street not far from the Campbell Street, there is a direct contact with the manufacturers to establish a recycling network - Weifang new energy vehicle service center, is mainly responsible for Chery, than Devin, Redding three new energy automotive business after- Including maintenance, battery recycling and so on. "Battery is broken or expired, the owner can come here, you can also call us to come to do trade-in, we will send the battery to the manufacturers." Weifang new energy vehicle service center, a responsible person told reporters. According to the person in charge, in the battery recycling, they are Weifang several brands of a network. Weifang also set a smaller secondary battery recycling point, these sites will be recycled to the battery back to a network, and then by a network of outlets responsible for sending back to the factory.
Into the recycling site repair shop, the table stood a few marked below the "days to", "super Wei" words of the box. "Recycling the battery is not sloppy, and even the boxes have to use the factory to send a new battery over the box to send, wrong is to be fine." In fact, not only "days to", "super Granville" two companies , The current power battery enterprises Ningde era, Thornton and other cities in the country are slowly establishing a power battery recycling network. "Weifang should be the country's most formal place." Local electric car business executives told reporters. However, the gradual recovery of the recovery system is not completely sealed power battery flow to the small workshop of the road, but to form a battery recovery system in the country is still long way to go. "Lead-acid battery market recovery confusion, most of the waste batteries are living in the hands of individual traders." A person familiar with the matter pointed out.
In the field of power battery recycling, not only trapped in the technical development issues, as well as enterprises to reflect the "income of a single loss of a single", the development into a vicious circle.
300,000 tons of lead-acid batteries per year illegal dumping
"More than half of the annual lead-acid batteries flow to the hands of hawkers." In an interview with reporters, the Chinese lithium new energy industry, the International Summit of the organizing committee of the Secretary-General Yuqing said. As the country's largest manufacturer of lead-acid batteries, days of energy group chairman Zhang Tianren perennial research battery recovery, the problem was a headache. "In China's annual production of 3.3 million tons of waste lead-acid batteries, the proportion of formal recycling less than 30%." During the two sessions this year, Zhang Tianren said in an interview with reporters. As a representative of the National People's Congress, Zhang Tian Ren has been for many years in the two sessions during the remedy of the power battery recycling chaos, proposed to strengthen the lead-acid battery recycling regulatory proposal. So, the remaining 70% - are these free lead-acid batteries outside the formal recycling system? "Most of the lead-acid batteries are flowing into the streets of the hawkers in the hands of their handling is relatively simple and crude, directly to the battery acid down, only to retain the most valuable lead plate, and then sell the lead to illegal Disposal of the enterprise. "In the Puritan told reporters. This way of recycling not only lead to waste of lead resources, tax losses, the impact on the environment is enormous.
And Weifang a local people do not want to know the name also told reporters that some places of illegal small workshops and even these lead ingots thrown into the open-air furnace, the fire burned, everywhere will be floating black and gray. "In the past few years did not dare to deal with this, but secretly still a lot."
"Three non" smelting enterprises comprehensive utilization rate is low, generally only 80% to 85%, the highest not more than 90%, resulting in the country each year about 160,000 tons of lead in the illegal smelting process lost, China's annual tax losses 15 billion yuan. "Zhang Tian Ren said. And a lot of lead in the case of no supervision, unbridled flow of air, water, soil and other resources.
"According to Zhang Tianren this year," two sessions "motion submitted by the information, as of 2015, China's lead-acid battery production reached 224 million KVAh, waste lead-acid battery production is also up to 3.3 million tons." Waste lead-acid battery dumping is increasing year by year. According to the lead battery "thirteen five" plan, the next five years, China's lead battery production will reach 35 million KVAh.
So why is there a formal channel, but the small workshop is still able to reverse the formal recovery system? What is the attraction of small workshops? "In the acquisition of waste batteries, we generally through the trade-in way to get the old battery when we buy to ordinary consumers, this is no tax votes, but made to re-sale of products to pay VAT. Between 20% of the gross profit, net profit basic tax! "A battery recycling business executives told reporters.
He called the tax, refers to the Ministry of Finance, the State Administration of Taxation in January 26, 2015 jointly issued the "on the collection of consumption of battery paint on the notice" provides: "from February 1, 2015 onwards All types of batteries levy consumption tax (part of the battery exemption), in the production, commissioned processing and import links, the applicable tax rate is 4%. "Among them, lead battery since January 1, 2016 levy consumption tax.
In his view, it is because of non-tax, no environmental protection and other production facilities, those "small workshops" are often able to attract a higher purchase price of used battery sellers. "The bigger the company is, the less productive it is, and the small workshops are living well." For the time being, lead-acid batteries have a higher recycling rate because the recycling price of regular manufacturers will be better, but Other such as lithium batteries, etc., because there are technical difficulties, recycling prices will be relatively low.
Zhang Tien-ren in the "two sessions" motion also repeatedly put forward the existing battery consumption tax unreasonable place, and bluntly "contributed to the illegal recovery of backward production capacity 'resurgence', does not help to effectively solve the existing lead-acid battery industry environmental pollution; The consumption tax and environmental protection tax on the lead-acid batteries at the same time, do not meet the principle of national tax fairness, also caused a repeated levy. "He proposed to exempt or differentiate the lead-acid consumption tax. "2011 national nine ministries and commissions combined with the renovation of lead-acid battery industry, the large lead-acid battery business in the production sector to strengthen the environmental protection, but the battery recycling aspects of legislation and regulation is relatively scarce, which can not prevent lead-acid battery flow to small workshops "In the Puritanism that. In that year, China set off a national lead-acid battery industry, environmental protection and rectification. Since then, the original more than 4,000 lead-acid battery manufacturers, and ultimately retained less than 100. "With the increase in electric vehicles, power battery recycling links rectification is imminent." An industry source pointed out.
Battery recycling "ice and fire"
As mentioned above, if we say that the lead-acid battery flow to the small workshop of the plight is still there, then will usher in the scrapped lithium battery can not escape the dilemma, and the situation is even worse. It is understood that the use of electric vehicles 5 to 7 years may be scrapped, and a large number of scrapped is expected to begin in 2018. According to China Automotive Technology Research Center forecast, by 2020, China's total scrap power battery will reach 120,000 to 200,000 tons.
Industry estimates The recovery of cobalt, nickel, manganese, lithium, iron and aluminum from scrap batteries will exceed $ 5.3 billion in 2018 and more than $ 10 billion by 2020, Lithium battery market will reach 25 billion yuan. At present, BYD, Beiqi new energy, Chery and other new energy vehicle manufacturers, Ningde era, than grams of batteries, Green America, Thornton new energy and other power battery manufacturers and days to, super Wei and other lead-acid battery production enterprises, Battery recycling area has been the layout.
Hunan Thornton New Energy Co., Ltd. Chairman Wen Yibo to reporters, the company's current recycling channels have three, including the national sanitation network, residential street distribution system, online and offline renewable resources and 4S shop online network platform The And in the field of battery into the earlier BYD, then developed to a set of their own recycling system.
"We rely on BYD 4S shop for temporary, temporary, and then its unified recovery to BYD collection point; taxi industry we will be classified as a large customer, including maintenance, repair and other special focus, while the concentration point And we will be different status of the battery recycling to the corresponding factory for processing. "BYD related person in charge told the Economic Observer reporter. But in this area, there is still a lack of mandatory binding, mainly by the enterprise spontaneous promotion.
At present, in the recovery of electric vehicle power battery, the main use of producer responsibility extension system, electric vehicle manufacturers, power battery manufacturers and cascade use of battery manufacturing enterprises, should bear the production of their own use of power battery recycling the main responsibility, scrapped Car recycling enterprises should be responsible for the recovery of scrap cars on the power of the battery. But the scrap power battery, the state did not force the request for recycling, OEM, battery factory, dismantling plant also did not find a suitable mode of operation. "In the actual recycling business, different manufacturers of power battery structure is different, the material system is different, which makes the recovery difficult to increase the cost and recovery costs.Although the use of integrated recycling approach to be dealt with, but this approach is difficult to fully recover. Good power battery recycling, but also through the proposed unified standard system, unified power battery standards; and increase the power to enhance the field of power battery recycling basic technology. "Purple said. "By the government through the corresponding financial subsidies to promote the corresponding local enterprises to do the city to do battery recycling, to be formed after the scale of the natural selection of the way the market." The BYD responsible person that this is more pragmatic approach.
But in the text of a wave of view, the road of financial subsidies has been unsustainable, through the tax adjustment to formal enterprises to receive more waste battery supply is the solution to the problem. Zhang Tian Ren also suggested that the Government should develop and implement power battery recycling incentives. For example, the failure to fulfill the obligations in accordance with the implementation of the obligation to punish the enterprise, the battery recycling enterprises and battery recycling enterprises in accordance with the number of batteries, capacity, etc. subsidies, the implementation of tax incentives.