For the new energy automotive industry, 2016 is the "second five" electric car focus on the end of the year, is also the "thirteen" national "new energy vehicles" focus on the start of the year.
China's pure electric drive technology line is proposed in 2009, officially released in 2012, when March, the Ministry of Science and Technology "second five" "electric vehicle technology development plan" formally proposed to establish "pure electric drive" technology transformation strategy, At the same time, the State Council issued the "energy and new energy automotive industry development plan 2012-2020" also reaffirmed this strategy.
Pure electric drive real industry is in 2014, this year has become the first year of the new energy automotive industry. By 2015, the development of new energy vehicles to achieve explosive growth. From the beginning of last year, the development of electric vehicles gradually become rational, on the whole, come today, China's electric car development in the international community has made a certain position.
Pure electric drive the strategic goal is to take the lead through the industrialization of pure electric vehicles to promote the full development of various types of electric vehicles. China's first to develop pure electric drive cars, driving the development of the battery industry reached the forefront of the world, the battery industry reached the world's first, the overall level ranked the top three in the industry chain integrity is also the world's first level. China's power battery industry chain, especially battery materials, such as positive and negative materials, in the international market share is the first.
In addition to electric, in the "three five" period, the development trend of the automobile industry also includes lightweight and intelligent. From 2015 to 2030 in the long-term scale, electric, lightweight, intelligent will be further deepened, from the "three" to "six", mainly in the following areas:
First, the combination of electrification and low carbon energy. The key to low carbon is the source of electricity to the direction of renewable energy development, there are smart grid planning, energy Internet planning and hydrogen development plan, so the combination of electric and energy is very close, and in the process of combining, will There are more advanced batteries appear, graphene will be hot.
So far, there is no real significance of the graphene battery appears, but the relevant research a lot, the most exciting is that the recent Huawei in the battery technology has been a breakthrough. Huawei's battery has three technologies: one is to prevent the thermal decomposition of electrolyte additives technology, the second is to improve the thermal stability of the cathode material technology, the third is to use graphene to improve the battery cooling capacity.
Huawei uses high thermal conductivity of graphene for the rapid cooling of the battery. High temperature attenuation is an important reason for battery attenuation, Huawei's three technologies are made around the heat to make the article, allowing the battery to use the temperature increase of 10 degrees, a substantial increase in battery life.
However, for the current power battery, the role of graphene as monosodium glutamate, is the additive rather than the main material. But the technology is endless, and now the academic field are discussing the application of graphene, what will be a breakthrough in the future, and now can not assert.
The combination of electrification and low carbon energy also needs to be changed in terms of charging. The combination of electricization and low carbonization will achieve a two-way flow of energy, charging is not just charging, power can be from the grid to the electric car, but also from the electric car to the grid. This requires a breakthrough in the charging technology.
Second, the combination of lightweight and manufacturing ecology. Light weight is not just to do something light, its focus is on the electric car and the entire automobile industry manufacturing point of view of the big change. This is closely related to the Ministry of Industry and the promotion of the industry 4.0 intelligent manufacturing special. The future sales model is online customization, placing orders. In the manufacturing, the production of 3D printing will play an important role, if the use of carbon fiber, the previous several major processes have to change, the material needs to be recycled. These are the next step need to develop, is currently only started, and the degree of attention is not enough.
Third, the intelligence should be combined with the network. There are some Internet cars, the phone all the features on the car, but with the control of the car itself is not much. The future development of intelligent network will be through the network control, the use of large online data to achieve the vehicle decision-making reasoning. Now with the GPS has not yet fully integrated into the car's entire control. Therefore, the future development of the car will achieve the car's automatic control and network closely together, the so-called intelligent network technology.
Smart network development is very promising. In the era of smart networking, China should do? Now the car factory can do a system of their own, the Internet company can also repairer, but in these two models, so that Internet companies and auto companies to play their respective advantages of the integration of the third model, it is even more important.
To smart phones, for example, Andrews operating system is an open platform, a lot of APP, the software can be placed in the store for everyone to download. Whether the future car can have such an open platform and standard interface protocol, to achieve sharing for small and medium companies engaged in intelligent development to provide an open platform. After all, smart cars are demanding software, requiring more people to participate in cross-cutting areas, and through such an open platform, the entire resources can be integrated, each of them specializes in doing their own good things.